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Experts – Female genital mutilation causes sexual problems

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Female genital mutilation

Female genital mutilation

By Esenvosa Izah

Women who are victims of the Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) may develop sexual problems like pain during intercourse, reduced satisfaction and potential challenges with orgasm.

A Consultant Psychiatrist, Dr Tomi Imarah, made the assertion in an interview with the News Agency of Nigeria (NAN) on Wednesday in Lagos.

Imarah runs an online Mental Health Counselling Service, called “Dr Tomi’s Haven’’ via her facebook page, @drtomihaven.

“Orgasm is a feeling of intense sexual pleasure that happens during sexual activity.

“FGM affects the sexual life of victims; the clitoris is the female erogenous organ that is capable of erection under sexual stimulation.

“It is not that victims of FGM are incapable of enjoying sex; it is just that it may take more efforts.

“Women should not have to struggle because some people decided their genital organs should be excised for no good reason. Ignorance is not an excuse, “ she said.

The consultant psychiatrist said that men could help their partners who were victims of FGM to enjoy sex better in a number of ways.

According to her, first of all, men should be more loving and show more understanding in such a situation.

“The deleterious impact of FGM go beyond physical injuries; there can be serious psychological effects.

“Moreso, repeated challenges during sexual activities may make women withdraw emotionally.

“It is important to have honest conversations about their feelings regarding their sexuality and specific measures the man can take to make things better.

“Another thing is that couples should consider exploring other erogenous zones; these are body parts with heightened sensitivity, which elicit sexual responses when stimulated.

“Some specific zones are lips, nipples, glans, penis for male and clitoris and rest of the vulva for the female.

“All the erogenous zones are capable of eliciting varying degrees of pleasure; so, they can be explored and accentuated by loving partners,“ Imarah said.

She called on stakeholders to join efforts to prevent women from becoming victims of FGM and also, law enforcement strategies should be a priority.

Quoting the World Health Organisation (WHO), she said that FGM were procedures that intentionally alter or cause injury to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons.

Imarah said these procedures had no health benefits whatsoever, but were actually harmful to women physically, psychologically and socially.

“FGM is a human rights violation and should be treated as such.

“The procedure is irreversible for the 200 million girls and women in the world; however, we should work toward preventing the next 200 million victims.

“Many organisations and government agencies have been mounting awareness and advocacy efforts over the years; it is time we all joined the efforts.

“News and social media platforms can be utilised in the awareness efforts.

“Let us have conversations about FGM in family meetings, hangouts, Town Hall meetings, Whatsapp groups, religious events and so on.

“Gradually, the next generation will find the idea of clitoridectomy strange and unpardonable.

“Also, law enforcement strategies should be a priority; if we have a law in place and no one is prosecuted, it is rendered impotent.

“Let us have a few well-publicised FGM prosecution cases and you will be pleasantly surprised to learn that FGM will decline pretty fast, “ she said.

NAN reports that

According to the 2013 Nigeria Demographics and Health Survey (NDHS) findings, 25 per cent of Nigerian women between the ages of 15 and 49 have been circumcised.

“Osun has the highest prevalence of circumcised women with 77 per cent, followed by Ebonyi- 74 per cent, and Ekiti-72 per cent.

“Female circumcision occurs mostly during infancy; that is, four in five women and about 82 per cent, who had been circumcised had their circumcision before their fifth birthday,’’ NDHS shows.

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Health

Drug abuse will cause generation of mad people

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campaign against drug abuse

campaign against drug abuse


The high level of drug abuse in Nigeria could cause a generation of mad people in the next 20 years, if drug abuse and trafficking are not checked.

Drug-Free Arewa Campaign Movement, an NGO, expressed the concern during an advocacy visit to the Kaduna State Attorney-General, Umma Hikima, on Tuesday in Kaduna.

Mr. Ibrahim Yusuf, Lead Convener of the movement, had earlier led members for a walk in some streets of Kaduna to raise awareness among residents on the dangers of drug abuse and trafficking.

The walk, tagged `Arewa Day of Action’, was organised by the movement under the auspices of Arewa Young Leaders Initiative to raise awareness against drug abuse to secure a drug-free society in the north.

Yusuf told the attorney general that the level of drug abuse in the northern region was alarming and require collective action by all stakeholders to tame it.

According to him, the nation’s future leaders are currently trapped by the menace of drug and substance abuse and if not rescued will give birth to a generation of mad people with unimaginable consequences.

“Our campaign against drug trafficking and abuse intends to position youths in Northern Nigeria as leaders with capacity to emulate the excellent leadership skills of our founding fathers.

“And we can only achieve this by addressing drug abuse and free our youths from its trap.”

Yusuf urged the attorney general to ensure that all relevant laws to stem the circulation of illicit drugs were enforced and traffickers effectively punished, so as to take the drugs off the streets.

He also sought for partnership with the ministry of justice in creating sustained awareness among youths in the state to shun drugs and live decent lives.

According to him, the group has reached out to 23 million youth across the 19 northern states and the Federal Capital Territory with information on how to avoid drug addiction or lured into drug trafficking.

Also speaking, Mr Joshua Gadzama of National Drug Law Enforcement Agency, commended the group for the effort to raise awareness against drug abuse.

According to him, about 90 per cent of the youth population in the country are involved in one form of drug abuse or the other, stressing that creating the needed awareness will go along way in curbing the trend.

Responding, the Attorney-General commended the group for the initiative, describing it as crucial to raising needed awareness for effective prevention.

Hikima, who was represented by Bayero Dari, Director Public Prosecution, said: “90 per cent of the cases we prosecute are cases motivated by use of drugs.

“I want to assure you that we will key into this initiative in ensuring that youth in Kaduna state desist from wasting their lives to drugs.”

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FCTA develops N162b strategic health plan, records high achievements in health Services

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By Jessica Dogo

The Federal Capital Territory Administration (FCTA) has developed a 4-year Strategic Health Development Plan (SHDP) that will require about N162 billion to execute.

The Secretary, FCT Health and Human Services Secretariat (HHSS), Adamu Bappah who made this disclosure in Abuja during the end of year press briefing, said that N7.9 billion was spent on healthcare delivery in the FCT for 2018.

He said FCT Strategic Health Development Plan (SHDP) 2018-2022 has been developed, which will provide policy and pragmatic directives of the FCT health sector for the next five years.

According to Bappa, the strategic blueprint would be sourced from budgetary allocations, Internally Generated Revenue from health services, international donors such as the World Health Organization (WHO).

”United States Department for International Development (USAID) and the United Nations International Children Emergency Fund, among others.
Highlighting major achievements of the Secretariat in 2018, Bappa revealed that N200 million was spent on recapitalization of the Drug Revolving Fund.

He also said that N1.3 billion was spent on drugs and medical supplies distributed to various FCT Hospitals and commodities for control of HIV cost N2.5 billion.

More achievements of the Secretariat include establishment of Public Health Emergency Operation Centre with support from Nigeria Centre for Disease Control, ongoing construction of 12 Primary Health Centres and 12 solar powered boreholes in the Six FCT Area Councils, Public Health Laboratory for routine screening for food handlers, as well as construction and equipping of 220 bed Gwarinpa District Hospital, which is at 30 percent completion.

The Secretariat also recorded increase in the coverage of mother to child HIV transmission from 36.7 to 81.1 percent, immunization coverage from 63.4 to 80.5 percent, increased distribution of mosquito treated net from 16.5 to 36 percent and distributed over N1.3 billion worth of drugs to FCTA hospitals.

Accordingly, a total of 4075 clients, consisting 1127 principals and 2948 dependents were enrolled under FHSS, secured accreditation for residency training in opthalmology in Asokoro District Hospital, Residency training in general surgery for Bwari General Hospital and distributed 45255 rapid diagnostics test kits for to health facilities in the Area Councils.

The Administration also constructed 4-bed Primary Health Centres (PHCs) in Gaube -Kuje Area Council, renovated PHCs in Jikoko, Cumi and Ayaura in Abaji Area Council, constructed cold store -fitted with direct drive solar refrigerators in Apo, among others.

He also stated that N15.3 million has been spent on tuberculosis control, family planning consumables gulped N20.7 million and vaccines programmes cost N3.7 billion for the year 2018.

The FCT Health Secretary however disclosed that the Secretariat generated N114.1 million internally, with N60.3 million generated by Private Health Establishment Registration and Monitoring Committee while Abuja Central Medical Store generated N53.7 million.

He added that the secretariat is collaborating with Institute of Human Virology to develop a database for all health workers in the FCT 60 per cent reporting rate on submission and utilization statistics at health facilities has been achieved while 508 public and private health facilities in the FCT are on District Health Information System Platform National Server.

Bappa however decried that the Secretariat was confronted with challenges such as funding, epidemics, understaffing, delayed budgetary releases and overstretched amenities.

He urged the Federal Government for more funding as well as partnership to fulfill the responsibility of providing and delivering health services to the public.

The News Agency of Nigeria (NAN) reports that the Secretary debunked insinuations that there was outbreak of any disease in any part of the FCT. (NAN)

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FCT Dept. engages area councils, states on primary healthcare

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Health workers

Health workers


By Jessica Dogo

The Save One Million Lives Programme for Results (SOMLforR) will engage FCT area councils and states in providing healthcare services to Nigerians in 2019.

SOMLforR is a subsidiary of the FCT Health and Human Services Secretariat (HHSS).

The Programme Manager, SOMLforR, Mr Samson Eriba, stated this on Friday at the end of a five days training on capacity building for ISS in Mararaba, Nasarawa State.

He said SOMLforR would give quality services at its primary healthcare facilities through an Integrated Supportive Supervision (ISS) by using area councils and the states.

Eriba said that SOMLforR resolved at the meeting to engage area councils and states’ supportive supervisions to enhance the activities of the primary healthcare.

He explained that the state level ISS would be quarterly and the area councils’ bi-Monthly.

“We have come up with key resolutions on how to improve quality of services at our primary health facilities through integrated supportive supervision.

“We reviewed and updated the checklist to accommodate more programme indicators; we resolved to have area councils and state level supportive supervisions.

“State level ISS will be quarterly while Area Council teams will be bi-monthly. These are to be imputed into the 2019 work plan and commence implementation,’’ he said.

He, however, stated that the unit was faced with challenges such as lack of vehicles for movement and access during operations.

According to him, other challenges includes difficult terrains that make communities hard to reach and inadequate human resources to provide services.

“We are forced to engage community volunteers and mentor mothers to promote Ante Natal Care and Prevention of Mother To Child Transmission (ANC/PMTCT) Services,’’ Eriba said.

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